Sutra, 21. ožujka obilježava se Međunarodni dan za eliminaciju rasne diskriminacije. Rasna i etnička diskriminacija ozbiljne su prepreke u ostvarivanju temeljnih ljudskih prava.
Na današnji dan 1960.godine, prilikom mirnog prosvjeda protiv rasističkih zakona i aparthejda, policija u Južnoafričkoj Republici je ubila 69 osoba. Iako je od tog događaja Južna Afrika odbacila aparthejd, on je potpuno ukinut tek 1994., dolaskom Nelsona Mandele na vlast. Međunarodna zajednica donijela je Međunarodnu konvenciju o ukidanju svih oblika rasne diskriminacije, no, diskriminacija po ovoj osnovi i dalje je prisutna i najbrojnija među pritužbama koje građani za diskriminaciju upućuju pučkoj pravobraniteljici.
Centar za mir Osijek sjećanje na ovaj dan obilježit će u sklopu kampanje protiv govora mržnje na internetu, posebno govora usmjerenog protiv migranata, izbjeglica i tražitelja azila. Uvažavanje različitosti, tolerancija i pluralizam vrijednosti su za koje se Centar za mir- Osijek zalaže i zalagat će se u svojoj budućnosti. Poštujmo pravo na različitost i nikad ne umanjujmo vrijednost drugih!
Ovim putem vas pozivamo da podržite kampanju, te podijelite naš vizual na svojim društvenim mrežama. Budite glasnici pozitivnih poruka protiv govora mržnje na internetu!
Također, pozitivnu poruku možete objaviti i na našoj interaktivnoj platformi projekta: https://www.positivemessengers.net/hr/
Training on hate speech organized by Centre for Peace, Nonviolence and Human Rights – Osijek was held on 6 and 7 November 2017. Target groups of the trainings were representatives of civil society organisations, media and students.
Participants were provided with thorough analysis of international and national legal framework on hate speech which was presented by expert on hate speech and Associate Professor at the Chair of Criminal law of the Faculty of Law in Zagreb, Ms Maja Munivrana Vajda. Participants were able to learn about recommendations, conventions and covenants which cover the area of hate speech directed towards vulnerable groups, as well as national laws which cover this topic, particularly the Croatian Criminal code. They were also provided with judgments of European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg and Croatian courts regarding hate speech cases.
Topic of second part of the training was media literacy. It was held by Ms Tena Dundovic, LLM. Statistics on hate crimes were shown and short overview of the current situation on hate speech in Croatia was presented. Participants were acquainted with possibilities on how to report inappropriate content, especially with the tools available online. Afterwards, internal rules of Facebook and YouTube and how to report hate speech content on these sites was shown to them. Lastly, participants were told about the Code of conduct on countering illegal speech online signed between European Commission and four major IT companies, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Microsoft.
In part of the non-formal and informal learning of the training, on the first day participants were searching through Terms and conditions of various websites regarding hate speech, filled in a questionnaire and discussed their results. On the second day participants played mini-trial concerning real case about the free speech which came before the European Court of Human Rights. Three groups played a role of different actors – judges of the Court, national government and a journalist who was punished by national court for producing a programme containing racist views.
The Regional Forum with the topic “Improvement of the Status of Vulnerable Groups – Good Practice of the Data Collection“ was held in Osijek on 05 December 2016 where the findings and recommendations stated in the Final Analysis titled Monitoring the Implementation of Measures of Anti-discrimination Law directed towards the Improvement of the Status of Vulnerable Groups at the Local Level: 8 studies were presented. The Regional Forum was organised by the Centre for Peace, Nonviolence and Human Rights-Osijek, in partnership with the Informative Legal Centre from Slavonski Brod, the Serbian Democratic Forum, and the Dutch partner organisations – PAX and the Hague Academy for Local Governance”.
The Analysis comprised the reports made by 22 civil society organisations from the area of three counties: Osijek-Baranja, Brod-Posavina, and Požega-Slavonia counties which had been participating in the process of monitoring of measures of anti-discrimination law directed towards the improvement of the status of six (6) vulnerable groups (youth, women – domestic violence victims, disabled persons, national minorities, children with developmental impairment, and consumers).
One part of the measures which were the subject of the monitoring process referred to the area of employment of specific vulnerable groups: youth (“Guarantee for Youth” measures), disabled persons (employment measure of the City of Osijek intended for disabled persons), national minorities in general (implementation of Article 22 of the Constitutional Act on Rights of National Minorities in the Republic of Croatia) and specifically the Roma national minority (programme of public works intended to include members of Roma national minority).
Other measures which had been monitored referred to the issues of providing housing care intended for domestic violence victims, providing personal assistant for children with developmental impairment, establishing a council for protection of public services’ consumers/users/ at the local level, and identifying the types and extent of stereotypes referring to disabled persons within the local community.
Centre for Peace – Osijek is a partner under a two-year project – Coalition of Positive Messengers to Counter Online Hate Speech, funded by the European Commission – Directorate-General Justice, which started on 1 October 2016 and will end on 30 September 2018.
The project is being implemented by a consortium of 8 organizations from 7 countries: Sofia Development Association (Bulgaria) – lead partner, Libera Università di Lingue e Comunicazione IULM – IUL (Italy), the Languages Company (United Kingdom), Center for Peace (Croatia), People in Need (Czech Republic), Asociația Divers (Romania), Associazione FORMA.Azione (Italy), and Municipality of Agii Anargiri-Kamatero (Greece).
This project tackles the issue of hate speech – online hate speech in particular, targeted against migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in these 7 EU countries. The action addresses the need for more effective civil society response to online hate speech through sharing and disseminating best practices. The project focuses on 1) building multi-stakeholder coalitions for developing counter-narratives to denounce hate speech and negative representations of migrants and refugees, and 2) disseminating the positive messages through media literacy and public awareness campaign.
The main objective of the project is to strengthen the response of civil society at the national and EU level to online hate speech through active engagement of local communities in creating and sharing powerful counter-narratives against xenophobic discourse. The project also aims:
- to compile and share best practices for countering the spread of online hate speech against migrants, refugees and minorities through awareness-raising campaigns;
- to provide new data on the nature, scope and impact of online hate speech targeting migrants and refugees, in order to aid national and EU authorities to develop more effective integration and anti-discrimination policies;
- to foster shared understanding and communication between the communities most vulnerable to hate speech and mainstream society in Europe;
- to educate and train the target groups about hate speech, media literacy, creation and dissemination of web content.
The main project activities include:
- conducting country assessments and cross-country comparison of practices to counter online hate speech;
- conducting media content analysis in each country and cross-country comparison to analyze the spread of online hate speech against migrants and refugees;
- creation of national coalitions from state and non-state actors to counter online hate speech;
- training events with target groups;
- development of training modules and sharing of practices among partners;
- national public campaigns for positive messages and awareness raising on hate speech in each country;
- creation of website and interactive platform with resources on hate speech;
- final international conference.