War Crimes Monitoring

Crime at Velepromet (defendant Petar Rašić)


Trial against Petar Rašić for war crime against civilians, as described and punishable according to Article 120 of the Basic Criminal Law Act of the Republic of Croatia (hereinafter: OKZRH).
INDICTMENT (SUMMARY)

The Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office (ŽDO) issued the indictment on 5 May 2003 against the 1stdefendant Petar Rašić, the 2nddefendant Milan Bulić (deceased now) and the 3rddefendant Mirko Vojnović (deceased now).

Click here to read in Croatian the Vukovar ŽDO’s indictment no. DO-K-12/99 of 5 May 2003.

The indictment charges Petar Rašić that in his capacity as member of Serb paramilitary formations, following the occupation of Vukovar on 18 November 1991, he was separating detained persons at the “Velepromet” and was taking them to so-called “stolarija” (carpentry room), many of which were later reported missing; he threatened detained persons at Ovčara that all of them should be killed; he requested Zvonimir Ivanišević be separated at the Velepromet and taken to the so-called carpentry where he was beaten and maltreated,

thus, by violating the provisions of international law at the time of occupation, he was killing and torturing civilians inflicting them great suffering and physical injuries harming their integrity and health, applying intimidation and terror measures, and acting inhumanely against them,

therefore, he committed a crime against humanity and international law – war crime against civilians, as described and punishable according to Article 120 of the OKZRH.
GENERAL INFORMATION

Vukovar County Court

Case file number: K-24/03

War Crimes Council (panel): judge Nikola Bešenski, President of the Council; we are not familiar with the names of the Council Members

Indictment: no. DO-K-12/99 of 5 May 2003 issued by the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office,

Prosecution: Miroslav Šarić, Vukovar County Deputy State Attorney

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians under Article 120 of the OKZRH

Defendant: Petar Rašić, unavailable to the Croatian judiciary

Defence: Jovan Ajduković, lawyer practising in Vukovar

Victim (beaten and maltreated): Zvonimir Ivanišević
TRIAL MONITORING REPORTS

Velepromet izvještaji sa praćenja suđenja (the reports are available in Croatian language).

Crime in Petrovci

Trial against Željko Vujić for a war crime against civilians as described and punishable under Article 120 of the Basic Criminal Law Act of the Republic of Croatia (OKZRH).
INDICTMENT (SUMMARY)

On 4 September 2007, the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office (hereinafter: ŽDO) issued the indictment against the following defendants: Nikola Radojčić (absent), Miroslav Ivan (absent), Vojislav Buzaković (absent), Milenko Đurđević (absent), Predrag Stojčević (absent), Dragan Žakula (absent), Željko Vujić (present), Duško Samardžić (absent) and Željko Ćirković (absent).

The Vukovar ŽDO’s indictment No. K-DO-15/05 of 4 September 2007 can be viewed (in Croatian) here.

On 9 June 2011, the Vukovar County Court’s extra-trial chamber separated the proceedings in respect of defendant Željko Vujić who is charged that in the period from October 1991 until the end of February 1992, in his capacity as police member, he was unlawfully apprehending, detaining, interrogating, beating, threatening and abusing in other ways the civilians in Petrovci in the premises of the so-called Police of the Serb Autonomous Area (SAO) of Krajina and also in the local community centre called Društveni Dom; and thus he committed a war crime against civilians under Article 120 of the OKZRH.

The Vukovar ŽDO’s indictment No. K-DO-15/05 of 11 July 2011 can be viewed (in Croatian) here.


GENERAL INFORMATION

Vukovar County Court

Case file number: K-26/11

War Crimes Council:judge Nikola Bešenski, President of the Council; judges Slavko Teofilović and Željko Marin, Council Members

Indictment: issued by the Vukovar ŽDO, No. K-DO-15/05 of 4 September 2007, amended in respect of defendant Vujić on 11 July 2011 after separation of the proceedings

Prosecution: Vlatko Miljković, Vukovar County Deputy State Attorney

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians, Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OK ZRH

Defendant: Željko Vujić

Defence: Borislav Miodragović, a lawyer practising in Vukovar

Victims – physically tortured: Irinej Nađorđ, Željko Varga, Jaroslav Pap, Marijan Pap, Nikola Pap and Miroslav Pavlović
TRIAL MONITORING REPORTS

PETROVCI izvještaji s praćenja suđenja (in Croatian)

Crime by the so-called Peruča Group

The Supreme Court of the RoC quashed the verdict of the Split County Court dated 9 June 2008 which, in the re-opened procedure against the defendant Mitar Arambašić, upheld the previous (legally valid) verdict in which the defendant was sentenced in 1997 in absentia to 20 years in prison for a war crime against civilians and a war crime against war prisoners.

The U.S.A. extradited Arambašić to Croatia in January 2006. He was arrested in South Dakota in 2002 on the basis of an international arrest warrant.
INDICTMENT (SUMMARY)

The defendant Mitar Arambašić and 38 other defendants were charged with committing a criminal act against the values protected by the international law – war crime against civilians referred to in Article120, paragraph 1 of the Basic Criminal Law of the RoC (hereinafter: the OKZ RH), while Rajko Radulović, Borko Radović, Željko Dragić, Milan Arambašić, Petar Krunić, Dragan Dragić, Stevan Četnik, Petar Arambašić, Dušan Stojsavljević, Mitar Arambašić, Dragan Arambašić, Milenko Ustić, Dragan Barišić and Dragan Petrović were also charged with committing a war crime against war prisoners referred to in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

The defendants were charged that in the period between 11 March 1991 and 4 August 1995, with the intention of expelling citizens of non-Serb ethnicity from several villages in Vrlika area according to a beforehand prepared plan, contrary to the provisions of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, they non-selectively shelled Croatian villages where there were no military bases and thus forced civilians to abandon their homes; they expelled people, intimidated and abused civilian population, looted their property, demolished and set on fire houses owned by Croats, tortured and killed war prisoners.

The defendant Mitar Arambašić was specifically charged with participation in setting up barricades on Vrlika roads; in the mining of Vrlika water-supply facility and telephone and electricity lines, whereby regular supply of civilian population with drinking water, electricity and telephone lines was cut off; he also participated in non-selective shelling of the following villages: Maljkovo, Potravlje, Satrić, Peruča, Hrvaci, the Peruča Hydroelectric Power Plant dam, Bitelić, Donji Jukići, Buljani, Rumin and Sinj, on which occasion the following persons were killed: Pavo Glavinić, Mara Vardić, Luča Cvitković, Jozo Budić, Petar Kudrić, Ivan Vidosavljević, Iva Mihaljević, Blaž Cvitković, Mara Cvitković, Iva Cvitković (the wife of Blaž), Ivan Knezović, Milica Jukić, Iva Jukić, Ana Jukić, Marijan Bešlić and Filip Bešlić; a total of 629 civilian facilities were demolished, while 1,468 were heavily damaged. The defendant was also charged with looting and setting on fire abandoned houses in occupied villages; the mining of the Peruča Hydroelectric Power Plant; torture and killing of the following war prisoners: Ivica Grubač, Bogoslav Lukić and Kažimir Abramović.
GENERAL DATA

Split County Court

Case number: K-56/06

War Crime Council: Judge Spomenka Tonković, Council President; Judge Damir Primorac, D.Sc., Council member; Judge Bruno Klein, Council member

Indictment: legally valid verdict of the Split County Court, No. K-15/95 dated 26 May 1997, upheld by the verdict of the Supreme Court of the RoC No. Ikž-497/97 dated 1 June 2000 (indictment KT-121/95), an excerpt thereof filed under number K-DO-50/06

Prosecution: Michele Squiccimaro, Split County Deputy State’s Attorney

Criminal act: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH and a war crime against war prisoners referred to in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

The defendant: Mitar Arambašić

Defence counsels: Jadran Franceschi, a lawyer practising in Split and Radovan Đujić, a lawyer practising in Knin, selected defence counsels of the defendant

Injured parties’ attorneys-in-fact: none

Victims:
– killed civilians: Luca Cvitković, Jozo Budić, Ivan Vidosavljavić, Pava Glavinić, Mara Vardić, Petar Kudrić, Iva Cvitković, Iva Mihaljević, Blaž Cvitković, Mara Cvitković, Iva Cvitković (žena Blaža), Ivan Knezović, Milica Jukić, Iva Jukić, Ana Jukić, Marijan Bešlić and Filip Bešlić.

– killed war prisoners: Ivica Grubač, Bogoslav Lukić and Kažimir Abramović.
TRIAL MONITORING REPORT

The main hearing commenced on 22 March 2007. A total of 11 court hearings were held.

A total of 21 witnesses were heard on 29, 30 and 31 January 2008 via video-link at the Belgrade District Court: Marko Rnić, Slobodan Despinić, Rade Ustić, Petar Stojić, Nebojša Grajić, Dušan Arambašić, Petar Borković, Jagoda Dragić, Slobodan Zagorac, Dušan Borković, Đuro Toljagić, Dušan Rađen, Jovan Bilić, Zoran Petrović, Srećko Dragić, Drago Dragić, Slavenko Krunić, Đuro Vujasin, Milenko Ustić, Gojko Arambašić and Dragan Dragić.

During the evidence procedure, a total of five (5) witnesses were heard: Ankica Grubač, Stana Abramović, Petar Abramović, Marko Cvitković and Milan Stojsavljević.

The defendant pleaded not guilty and presented his defence at the end of the evidence procedure.
OPINION OF THE MONITORING TEAM

Representatives of the Centre for Peace, Non-violence and Human Rights – Osijek attended only some of the court hearings, therefore we are not able to provide opinion on the course of the entire procedure. The observations we are stating below in the text pertain to understanding of court practise related to re-opening of procedures in cases of in absentia trials.

When a defendant is sentenced in absentia, and the conditions have been created to try him in his presence, the Court will permit re-opening of the procedure and, at the same time, decide on forwarding the indictment to the defendant so that he could get acquainted with it, but not for the purpose of lodging a complaint because the complaint could have been lodged by the defence counsel upon receiving the indictment. The previously adopted verdict latently exists until a new verdict has been passed, which is why in the re-opened procedure the indictment is no longer subject to examination because, as such, it already became legally valid in the previous procedure. The defendant receives such an indictment exclusively to get acquainted with the criminal act with which he is charged and to prepare his defence.

The reason for stipulating the provision of Article 429 of the Criminal Procedure Act (hereinafter: the ZKP) as an exception, pursuant to which the defendant who was tried in absentia does not have to prove the existence of any of the legal bases referred to in Article 392 of the ZKP, is this: to render it possible to the convict to subsequently influence the result of establishing the facts which he was previously denied during the trial conducted in absentia. However, this also means that, if the convict, during the re-opened procedure, by way of amending his previous defence, as well as by his own initiative in the sense of amending the results of the evidence procedure, fails to bring into doubt the validly established facts in the previous procedure, the permitted repeating of the process must not lead to the change of the previous verdict, i.e. to its annulment (partially or entirely). When the defendant in the new procedure, conducted pursuant to a decision which permits re-opening of the criminal procedure, fails with his request to annul the previous verdict, either partially or entirely, the Court in that procedure is not authorised to alter the previous legally valid verdict in the decision on sentence, but such verdict must remain legally valid because, otherwise, the principle of legal validity would be violated.
THE VERDICT

On 9 June 2008, the War Crimes Council of the Split County Court pronounced a verdict No. K-56/06 by which, pursuant to Article 411, paragraph 3 of the Criminal Procedure Act it fully confirmed the verdict issued by the Split County Court No. K-15/95 of 26 May 1997, upheld by the verdict of the Supreme Court of the RoC No. Ikž-497/97 of 1 June 2000, by which verdict the defendant Mitar Arambašić was sentenced to a joint prison sentence in the duration of 20 (twenty) years due to a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH and a war crime against war prisoners referred to in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

Detention against the defendant Mitar Arambašić was extended, and the time he had spent in the extradition detention from 5 September 2002 until 25 January 2006, the time he had spent serving the sentence from 26 January 2006 until 17 May 2006, as well as the time he had spent in detention from 18 May 2006 onwards was calculated into the pronounced sentence.

The Supreme Court of the RoC, at the public session held on 28 April 2009, quashed the verdict by the Split County Court and reversed the case for a re-trial.

You can see the ruling of the Supreme Court here. (in Croatian)

Crime in Vukovje, Koreničani and Dobra Kuća

The criminal procedure is currently conducted at the Bjelovar County Court against Vlado Gatarić, charged with a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the Basic Criminal Law of the RoC (hereinafter: the OKZ RH).

The defendant was acquitted of charges in 1995, but in 1996 the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia quashed the first instance verdict of the Bjelovar County Court and reversed the case for a re-trial.
INDICTMENT

The indictment No. KT-178/95 of 31 June 1995 pressed charges against Ljuban Amidžić and 34 other defendants (including the 7th defendant Vlado Gatarić).
After the procedure in relation to Vlado Gatarić was separated in 2004, on 25 July 2008 the Bjelovar County State’s Attorney’s Office (hereinafter: the ŽDO) filed an adapted and modified indictment which charged the defendant that, together with the 1st defendant Ljuban Amidžić and other defendants, in the period starting from August 1991, during the war operations conducted against the Republic of Croatia at the temporarily occupied areas of the-then Daruvar Municipality, as a member of Serb terrorist armed formations within the so-called “Serb Autonomous Region of Western Slavonija”, in the capacity of deputy commander of a troop of armed formations in Batinjani, he issued orders to his subordinates and monitored their criminal activities. Thus, members of his troop and other unidentified persons conducted police and military apprehensions and detentions of civilians on a daily basis and wounded and killed civilian population with firearms and destroyed their property although there was no military justification for such actions, which is all contrary to the provisions of the Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, as well as Articles 4, 13 and 14 of the 6th Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 relative to the Protection of Victims of Non-international Armed Conflicts so that, in compliance with the issued orders within the joint plan in the area of activity of his troop:

– on 19 November 1991 in Vukovje, a group of armed terrorists shot Mija and Ivka Novaković and Štefica Kopriva in front of Mija Novaković’s house,

– on an unspecified date at the end of November 1991 in Koreničani, a group of armed terrorists killed Ivka and Milenko Fabijanec with firearms,

– on 14 December 1991 in Dobra Kuća, a group of armed terrorists killed Mila Paripović and Savka Bogdanović with firearms,

– during September and October 1991 in Vukovje, unidentified persons, members of armed Serb terrorist formations, set on fire the barn and shed to the house No. 12 and seized a tractor owned by Josip Kopriva, damaged the house with the explosive and set on fire the barn and shed to that house, owned by Zdravko Jergović, set on fire the house, barn and shed owned by Stoja Novaković, as well as the barn and shed owned by Nada Plicko,

therefore, having breached the rules of the international humanitarian law in time of armed conflict, he ordered attacks on civilian population, their killing and unlawful huge scale destruction of their property, which was not justified by military needs,

whereby he committed a criminal act against humanity and international humanitarian law – a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.
GENERAL DATA

Bjelovar County Court

Case number : K 18/04

War Crimes Council: Judge Antonija Bagarić, Council President, Judge Milenka Slivar, Council member, Judge Mladen Piškorec, Council member

Indictment: issued by the Bjelovar ŽDO, No. K-DO-54/04 on 25 July 2008

Prosecuting attorney: Branka Merzić, Deputy Bjelovar County State’s Attorney

Criminal act: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Defendant: Vlado Gatarić, defends himself at large (he was in detention from 4 May until 9 October 1995)

Sel defence counsel of the defendant: Jovan Doneski, a lawyer practising in Garešnica

Victims:
– killed: Mijo Novaković, Ivka Novaković and Štefica Kopriva (inhabitants of the village of Vukovje), Ivka Fabijanec and Milenko Fabijanec (inhabitants of the village of Koreničani), Mila Paripović and Savka Bogdanović (inhabitants of the village of Dobra Kuća)
MONITOTING REPORTS

The main hearing was supposed to commence on 26 January 2009, but due to non-arrival of the defendant it was postponed. Four witnesses were heard before the Extra-trial Chamber.
The main hearing will be subsequently scheduled in writing.

Crime near Mrkonjić Grad, BiH

Trial against Tihomir Šavorić, Ivica Krklec and Alen Toplek for a war crime against civilians under Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH.

INDICTMENT (SUMMARY)

The indictment charges the defendants that in their capacity as members of the 7th HV Guard Brigade they killed unidentified civilians in the area of villages Drabac and Bočac (between Mrkonjić Grad and Banja Luka, BiH) during the “Južni potez” military action.

Defendant Šavorić is charged that several unidentified soldiers under his command killed two unidentified persons, a man and a woman, aged about 40 on 10 October 1995 when they came across them. Also, the defendants are charged that early in the morning on 11 October 1995 when an unidentified woman aged about 60 approached them, defendant Toplek opened a burst fire at her from automatic rifle and killed her on the spot; later on the same day they came across an unidentified man aged about 50 and by following a command from the defendant Šavorić, the defendant Krklec shot this man dead on the spot firing from automatic rifle.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Zagreb County Court, Office in Zlatar

Case file no.: 2-K-rz-5/11

War Crimes Council: judge Tomislav Juriša, Council President, judges Petar Šakić and Jadranka Mandušić, Council Members; from the main hearing conducted on 31 January 2013, judge Lidija Vidjak is the member of the Council instead of judge Petar Šakić

Indictment: No. K-DO-200/11, of 29 July 2011 issued by the Zagreb ŽDO

Prosecution: Robert Petrovečki, Zagreb County Deputy State’s Attorney

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians under Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH

Defendants: – 1st defendant Tihomir Šavorić, in custody on the basis of the first-instance judgment issued by the Zagreb County Court on 24 October 2011 where in the trial against defendant Emil Črnčec et al in which Šavorić was the 2nd defendant, was found guilty and sentenced to 6 years in prison for the commission of a war crime against prisoners of war;

– 2nd defendant Ivica Krklec, attends the trial undetained;

– 3rd defendant Alen Toplek, attends the trial undetained.

Defence:

Tanja Vranjican Đerek and Zvonimir Hodak, lawyers practising in Zagreb are representing the 1st defendant;

Josip Reljić, lawyer practising in Zagreb representing the 2nd defendant;

Silvio Kosovac, lawyer practising in Zagreb representing the 3rd defendant.

Victims – killed: two unidentified female persons and two male persons

VERDICT On 23 May 2013, the Zagreb County Court’s War Crimes Council pronounced the verdict according to which all three defendants were acquitted of the charges.

Crime in Petrinja (defendant Borislav Mikelić)

Reopened trial against Borislav Mikelić, previously sentenced in his absence to 20 years in prison. INDICTMENT (SUMMARY) The indictment no. K-DO-45/12 issued by the Zagreb ŽDO charges Borislav Mikelić with a war crime against civilians that he committed in his capacity as originator of the revival of the SANU memorandum of Greater Serbia [Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts] in SAO Krajina at the Ćavić hill where he formed the so-called Chetnik Formation Headquarters and then he prepared and coordinated armed rebellion actions, issued the order to carry out attack on the town of Petrinja and other places, ordered attack on the ZNG and MUP members and other non-Serb civilian population, their expulsion, plundering movables, destruction of housing units, farming and sacral facilities, ordered illegal arrests of Croatian ethnicity members, who were taken later on to the “Vasilije Gaćeša” military barracks where they were physically and mentally abused. During the mentioned attacks Bučar Štef was killed and Drakulić Nikola, Banadinović Anđelina, Đurač Rajko, Herelić Ramiz, Vujatović Đuro and Bunjan Ivo were injured; the following buildings were destroyed in Petrinja: Petrinja Municipality Court, St. Catherine Church and St. Lovro Church. Therefore, he committed a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120 of the OKZRH. GENERAL INFORMATION Zagreb County Court Case file number: K-rz-7/2011 Council: judge Željko Horvatović, Council President, judges Ratko Šćekić and Zdravko Majerović, Council Members Indictment: no. K-DO-45/12 issued by the Zagreb ŽDO, taken over from the Sisak ŽDO/ Sisak District Public Prosecution (no. KT-9/93 issued on 10 March 1993). Prosecution: Criminal offence: war crime against civilians under Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH Defendant: Borislav Mikelić, unavailable Defence: Silvije Degen, lawyer practicing in Zagreb Victims: – killed: Štef Bučar – sustained physical injuries: Nikola Drakulić, Anđelina Banadinović, Rajko Đurač, Ramiz Herelić, Đuro Vujatović and Ivo Bunjan On the basis of the judgment no. K-13/93 of 9 June 1993 rendered by the Sisak District Court, the following persons were found guilty: 1st defendant Borislav Mikelić, 2nd defendant Dušan Jović, 3rd defendant Milan Muidža, 4th defendant Dušan Kačar, 5th defendant Ilija Nišević, 6th defendant Milan Milanković, 7th defendant Ilija Belajac, 8th defendant Simo Karaica and 9th defendant Stanko Divjakinja for committing war crime against civilians and were sentenced to 20 years in prison each. All defendants were sentenced in absentia. They were all represented by one defence counsel. According to the statements contained in the judgment, he established that the presented evidence was leading to a conclusion that the defendants were the ones who committed criminal offences as charged. The mentioned judgment with its explanation did not contain sufficient information on the evidence and the reasons of determining the guilt. The judgment can be viewed here in Croatian language. The conviction against Dušan Jović, Milan Muidža, Dušan Kačar, Ilija Nišević, Milan Milanković, Ilija Belajac, Simo Karaica and Stanko Divjakinja is annulled after the trial was reopened on the basis of the Sisak ŽDO’s request and the legal qualification was changed into armed rebellion. Therefore, by applying the General Amnesty Act against the mentioned persons, criminal proceedings against them were discontinued. Decision on discontinuation of the proceedings can be viewed in Croatian language here. The Sisak County Court issued a decision no. Kv-147/10 on 26 April 2011 in which it accepted the request by convicted Borislav Mikelić and it permitted, in respect of him, reopening of the trial which was concluded with a final and legally binding judgement no. K-13/93 issued by the District Court in Sisak on 9 June 1993. TRIAL MONITORING REPORTS PETRINJA (OKR. BORISLAV MIKELIC) reopened trial monitoring reports (available in Croatian)   Since the prosecution dropped charges against Borislav Mikelić, criminal proceedings against him were discontinued at the end of May 2012 .

Arson in Pušina and Slatinski Drenovac

Arson in Pušina and Slatinski Drenovac Trials in Croatia :: verdict after appeal On 22 March 2010 before the Bjelovar County Court War Crimes Council, the main hearing began in the trial against Ivan Husnjak and Goran Sokol indicted for a war crime against civilians under Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH in conjunction with Article 29, paragraph 2 of the OKZRH. INDICTMENT (SUMMARY) The Indictment charges the defendants that they as the HV officers – the 1st defendant Husnjak as a commander of the 2nd battalion of the 132nd brigade of HV “R” and the 2nd defendant Sokol as a deputy commander – failed to take on 1 February 1992 any action to prevent and punish unlawful conducts of their subordinates. The indictment alleges events preceding the aforementioned incrimination event. Previously, on 18 December 1991 the HV forces freed the wider Orahovica area and villages under Papuk mountain. In particular, the special police forces from Osijek and police station Orahovica took control over the mentioned area. Following to that, on 31 January 1991 the defendant Husnjak ordered a cleansing of occupied villages Pušine and Slatinski Drenovac. During that cleansing operation, several unidentified members – subordinates to the defendants – began with setting fire to abandoned Serb-ethnicity people’s houses that entered later because of such actions into a conflict with members of the special police and of the police who attempted without success to prevent them. Thus, the Indictment charges the 1st and the 2nd defendant that, although aware of unlawful actions going on, they failed to take any action and therefore agreed to continued actions by their subordinates and consequences thereof. As alleged in the Indictment, the consequences included 17 destroyed houses in Pušine caused by the arson attack, the Orthodox church damaged by fire shots, 19 houses set on fire in Slatinski Drenovac including the hunters’ lodge between Pušine and Slatinski Drenovci. Therefore, although it was their duty, the defendants failed to prevent this extensive, unlawful and arbitrary destruction of the property, that was not justified by military needs, and thus, they committed a war crime against civilians under Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH in conjunction with Article 28, paragraph 2 of the OKZRH. You can see the Bjelovar ŽDO’s Indictment No. K-DO-6/06 of 23 September 2008 here (in Croatian). GENERAL INFORMATION Bjelovar County Court War Crimes Council: judge Sandra Hančić, War Crimes Council President, judges Mladen Piškorec and Ivanka Šarko, Council Members Case file number: K- 9/09 Indictment: No. K-DO-6/06 of 23 September 2008 issued by the Bjelovar County State Attorney’s Office Criminal act: war crime against civilians under Article 120 OKZRH in conjunction with Article 28, paragraph 2 of the OKZRH Prosecution: Branka Merzić, the Bjelovar County State Attorney Defendants: Ivan Husnjak and Goran Sokol, Croatian Army officers, attend the trial – not detained Defence: lawyer Marko Dumančić representing the 1st defendant, lawyer Zdravko Dumančić representing the 2nd defendant TRIAL MONITORING REPORTS