Verdict after appeal

Crime in Slunj and surrounding villages

On 1 December 2009 at the Karlovac County Court, the defendant Mićo Cekinović was found guilty of committing a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the Basic Criminal Law of the RoC (hereinafter: the OKZ RH). He was sentenced to one year in prison.

The Supreme Court quashed the Karlovac County Court’s Verdict.
In the repeated trial, the Karlovac County Court’s War Crimes Council found on 4 May 2010 the defendant Cekinović guilty and sentenced him to 4 years in prison.
The session of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia was held on 27 October 2010. The Supreme Court quashed the first instance verdict.

After the third (second repeated) hearing held on 23 December 2011, the Rijeka County Court’s War Crimes Council found the defendant guilty and sentenced him to 4 years in prison.

The VSRH Appeals Chamber held its session on 30 January 2013. It confirmed the first-instance verdict.

INDICTMENT (SUMMARY)

The indictment issued by the Karlovac County State’s Attorney’s Office (hereinafter: the ŽDO) charged the defendant that in November 1991, as commander of a group of “Primišlje Territorial Defence” which was within the composition of the “SAO Krajina” paramilitary, in the area of the City of Slunj and surrounding villages, contrary to the provisions of international conventions, permitted and ordered deprivation of liberty of inhabitants of Croatian ethnicity, their physical abuse and killing, as well as setting on fire and destruction of buildings. In compliance with that, members of his unit arrested one person, beat him up and detained him without any legal grounds, while another civilian was killed and his house was set on fire and the majority of population of Croatian ethnicity were expelled from their homes.

He was charged that, by doing so, he had committed a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

You can read the indictment here. (in Croatian)
GENERAL DATA

Karlovac County Court

War Crimes Council: Judge Ante Ujević, Council President, Judge Alenka Laptalo, Council member, Judge Juraj Dujam, Council member

War Crimes Council in the third (second repeated) trial: Judge Dušan Šporčić, Council President, Judge Dubravka Rudelić, Council member, Judge Milka Vraneš, Council member

Rijeka County Court

War Crimes Council in the third (second repeated) trial – Rijeka County Court: Judge Ika Šarić, Council President, Judge Zoran Sršen, Council member, Judge Valentin Ivanetić, Council member

File number: K-17/09

Indictment: issued by the Karlovac County State’s Attorney’s Office No. KT-36/95 of 30 July 2009, modifield at the main hearing held on 4 May 2010 and 4 October 2011.

Criminal act: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120 of the OKZ RH

Prosecuting attorney: Karlovac County State’s Attorney’s Office represented by Zdravko Car, Deputy County State’s Attorney; Rijeka County State’s Attorney’s Office represented by Doris Hrast, Deputy County State’s Attorney

Defendant: Mićo Cekinović, in detention since 6 July 2009

Defence counsel: Luka Šušak, a lawyer practising in Zagreb

Victims: Pavo Ivšić (killed), Tomo Kos i Milan Kos (detained, beaten up)
MONITORING REPORTS

SLUNJ AND SURROUNDING VILLAGES – reports (in Croatian)

SLUNJ I OKOLNA MJESTA – reports on the repeated trial
VERDICT

On 1 December 2009, the War Crimes Council of the Karlovac County Court passed a verdict in which the defendant Mićo Cekinović was found guilty. By applying the provisions on reducing a sentence due to particular mitigating circumstances, he was sentenced to one year in prison.

The 1 December 2009 Verdict of the Karlovac County Court, see here. (in Croatian)

The Supreme Court’s public session was held on 24 March 2010. See the Session’s report here (in Croatian). The Karlovac County Court’s verdict was quashed and the case was reversed for a re-trial.

The quashing decision issued by the Supreme Court, see here. (in Croatian)

Having conducted the re-trial, on 4 May 2010 the War Crimes Council of the Karlovac County Court found the defendant Cekinović guilty and sentenced him to 4 years in prison.

The session of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia was held on 27 October 2010. The Supreme Court quashed the first instance verdict.

After the third (second repeated) hearing held on 23 December 2011, the Rijeka County Court’s War Crimes Council found the defendant guilty and sentenced him to 4 years in prison.

The VSRH Appeals Chamber held its session on 30 January 2013. It confirmed the first-instance verdict.

Crime in the Vukovar settlement Lipovača (defendant Mile Vukelić et. al.)

Trial against Mile Vukelić, Nedeljko Marković, Dragan Bogdanović, Miroslav Matijević, Branko Sušić, Miroslav Bogdanović and Pero Pjevaljčić.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Vukovar County Court

Case File No.: K-88/98

Judges’ panel: judge Miroslav Šovanj, presiding; judges Željko Marin and Berislav Matanović, members; lay-judges Ivica Domažinović, Marko Kukrika, Martin Nedeljković and Ante Perić, members

Indictment: No. DO-K-70/98 of 9 December 1998 issued by the Vukovar ŽDO can be read in Croatian here.

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH

Defendants: Mile Vukelić, available; Nedeljko Marković, Dragan Bogdanović, Miroslav Matijević, Branko Sušić, Miroslav Bogdanović and Pero Pjevaljčić, unavailable

Defence Counsels: Antun Babić, Damir Grgurić, Boris Banić, Zlatko Cvrković, Ivan Lukić, Mijo Maćaš and Stjepan Šporčić

Victim – killed: Ivan Kunc

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Vukovar County Court’s Verdict of 25 June 1999, defendants were found guilty as charged that in Lipovača, after the occupation of that part of Vukovar on 10 September 1991, in the capacity as members of the reserve formation of the so-called JNA, they took away civilian Ivan Kunc from the Local Community Office, defendant Pero Pjevaljčić told the victim to walk away 5-6 metres, then the defendants formed a firing line and fired at the mentioned civilian using long guns by inflicting injuries to the victim causing his immediate death.

In addition, Mile Vukelić was also found guilty that he kept ammunition and explosive substances in his house without authorisation in September 1998.

Defendant Pjevaljčić was sentenced to 15 years in prison and the other defendants were sentenced to 12 years in prison each.

Mile Vukelić was sentenced to 6 months in prison for the commission of crime of illicit possession of weapons and explosive substances, therefore he received a joint prison sentence to 12 years and 3 months in prison.

The Vukovar County Court’s Verdict No. K-88/98 of 25 June 1999 can be read in Croatian here.

On 14 December 2000, the VSRH modified the verdict of the first-instance court because of the criminal offence of illicit possession of weapons and explosive substances referred to in Article 335 of the Criminal Law Act and rejected in that part of the verdict the charge against Mile Vukelić. For that reason, the decision of the court of first instance was modified in the sentencing part by sentencing Vukelić to 12 years in prison.

The rest of the appeal by Mile Vukelić, the appeals lodged by other defendants and by the State Attorney were rejected so that the remaining parts of the verdict of the first-instance courts were confirmed.

The VSRH verdict No. I Kž-737/1999-3 of 14 December 2000 can be read in Croatian here.

Crime in Ernestinovo

Milan Stojisavljević, member of a Serbian paramilitary group, was prosecuted on indictment by the County Attorney′s Office in Osijek as of 19th November 2003, modified under the report as of 15th July 2004, for the criminal act of war crime against civilians, Article 120, Paragraph 1, of the Croatian Criminal Justice Act.

The retrial No. K-14/05 was started before the War Crimes Council of the County Court in Osijek on 23rd May 2005.

At the hearing held on 15th June 2005, after the evidence procedure and final speech, the President of the Council closed the main hearing. On 17th June 2005 the sentence was pronounced, under which the defendant was found guilty and sentenced to a six year term of imprisonment.

The defendant was remanded in custody until the final sentence.
The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia confirmed the sentence passed by the County Court in Osijek: Milan Sojisavljević was found guilty and sentenced to a six year term of imprisonment.

Crime in Bučje (defendant Milanko Stanisavljević)


 

Trial against Milanko Stanisavljević, charged with a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

Požega County Court

Case file no.: K. 52/95

Judges’ panel: judge Tihomir Božić, presiding; judge Ivanka Pilon-Vukelić, member; lay judges Ivan Stastny, Drago Franić and Marijan Zvonarić, members

Indictment: no. KT-51/95-11 of 14 September 1995 issued by the Požega District State Attorney’s Office

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH

Defendant: Milanko Stanisavljević, available

Defence counsel: Dragan Milačić, lawyer practicing in Zagreb

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Požega County Court’s verdict rendered on 13 October 1995, defendant Milanko Stanisavljević was found guilty as charged that having joined voluntarily the Serb paramilitary formations in his capacity as the guard in the concentration camp and prison “Bučje” in the period from 19 August to 14 December 1991, where persons of Croatian ethnicity were unlawfully brought in and detained with the purpose to inflict great suffering to them, he personally participated in their intimidation, unlawful bringing in and detaining in the concentration camp by battering Zlatko Erlbek and Marijan Smith with sticks, electrical wire cables, feet and other objects, by personally taking the prisoner groups to forced labour and, together with other guards, was involved in starving the prisoners and thus aggravated their health condition, inflicted physical injuries and severe mental pain.

He was sentenced to 10 years in prison.

The Požega County Court’s verdict no. K. 52/95-11 of 13 October 1995 is available in Croatian here.

On 16 April 1996, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia dismissed the appeals lodged by the State Attorney and defendant Milanko Stanisavljević as unfounded and confirmed the verdict of the court of first instance.

The VSRH verdict no. I Kž 837/1995-3 of 16 April 1996 is available in Croatian here.

Crime in Mirkovci and Vukovar

Trials in Croatia

Verdict after appeal

Trial against Mihajlo Sopka, Branko Drča, Milan Paripović, Mile Knežević and Mile Pavković for criminal offence of war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL DATA ON THE PROCEEDINGS CONDUCTED IN ABSENCE OF THE ACCUSED PERSONS

Osijek County Court

Case No: K-38/95

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Ružica Šamota, Council President; judge Mira Čavajda, Council member; lay judges Snježana Čarapović, Ante Dumančić and Josip Ciprovac, Council members

Indictment: No: KT-88/94 issued by the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office on 11 April 1995 and 24 October 1995

Criminal offence: war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

Accused persons/Defendants: Mihajlo Sopka, Branko Drča, Milan Paripović, Mile Knežević, Mile Pavković and Mile Tešić, tried in absence

Defence Counsel: Slavica Garac, lawyer from Osijek

Victim – physically and mentally abused: Ivica Šitum

 VERDICT (SUMMARY)

Subsequent to the Osijek County Court verdict No:K-30/95-41 dated on 07 October 1996, the accused persons were found guilty of interrogating, physically and mentally abusing the captured member of the reserve corps of the HV (Croatian Army) Ivica Šitum in Mirkovci and Vukovar on 24 May and 25 May 1992. Following his capture near the demarcation line in the vicinity of Vinkovci, Ivica Šitum was interrogated, threatened to be killed and abused by the above named accused persons which all caused Šitum to faint several times during the interrogation due to serious physical injuries and a mental stress which caused considerable post-traumatic reactions.

Each accused person was sentenced to 12 years in prison. The verdict became legally valid and final on 08 March 1997.

GENERAL DATA ON THE REOPENED PROCEEDINGS

Vukovar County Court

Case No: K-14/01

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Nikola Bešenski, Council President; judge Stjepan Margić, Council member; lay judges Milenko Božičković, Radoslav Šijaković and Stanko Vukojević, Council members

Indictment: No:K-DO-16/01 issued by the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office, which was actually a part of the indictment No:KT-88/94 issued by the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office on 11 April 1995, which was amended on 07 October 1996 in order to make the indictment – i.e. those parts relating to the accused Paripović and Pavković – more precise.

Criminal offence: war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

Accused persons/Defendants: Milan Paripović and Mile Pavković, present at the trial

Defence Counsel: Nediljko Rešetar, lawyer from Osijek

Victim – physically and mentally abused: Ivica Šitum

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

Subsequent to the Vukovar County Court verdict dated on 21 May 2001, the Osijek County Court verdict No:K-30/95 dated on 07 October 1996 which became legally valid and final on 12 February 1997, was partially abolished in respect of the convicted Milan Paripović and Mile Pavković.

The stated verdict remained unchanged in respect of other convicted persons.

The accused Mile Pavković and Milan Paripović were acquitted of charges that they, together with Mile Knežević, on 24 May 1992, in the seat/headquarters of the so-called SAO Krajina (Serb Autonomous Region of Krajina) Militia in Vukovar, had abused the previously captured Ivica Šitum in a way that they had been ordering and allowing other members of Serb paramilitary units, who had happened to be in the headquarters, to physically and mentally abuse Ivica Šitum.

In its judgment No:IKž-531/01-7 dated on 08 November 2005, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia dismissed the appeal lodged by the County State Attorney against a part of the Vukovar County Court verdict No:K-14/01 dated on 21 May 2001 according to which Mile Pavković had been acquitted of all charges, and it (the Supreme Court) upheld the first-instance court verdict pertaining to the acquittal of Mile Pavković. The criminal proceedings against accused Milan Paripović were dismissed since Paripović had deceased in the meantime, and the stated fact had made the appeal – lodged by the County State Attorney against the acquitting section of the verdict pertaining to Paripović – utterly pointless.

 

Crime in Sremska Mitrovica and Vukovar (defendant Žarko Amidžić)

Trials in Croatia :: legally valid and final verdict

Trial against Žarko Amidžić for criminal offence of war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH and criminal offence of murder, stated in Article 91, Paragraph 1, Item 3 of the Penal Law.

INDICTMENT

On 06 April 1998 and 03 February 2000, the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office issued the indictment No:DO-K-8/98, which was amended on 16 May 2000 in order to make the indictment more clear and precise, and which charged Žarko Amidžić with commission of the criminal offence of murder stated in Article 91, Paragraph 1, Item 3 of the Penal Law, and with commission of the criminal offence of war crime against prisoners of war stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL DATA

Vukovar County Court

Case No: K-34/98

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Nikola Bešenski, Council President; judge Berislav Matanović, Council member; lay judges Marijan Bataković, Mato Lasić and Marko Lukić, Council members

Accused person/Defendant: Žarko Amidžić, present at the trial

Defence Counsel:VojislavOre, lawyer from Vukovar

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

On 01 June 2000, the trial chamber of the Vukovar County Court passed the verdict No:K-34/98 which found Žarko Amidžić guilty for conducting interrogation and physical abuse by battering the civilians and the captured members of the (Croatian) National Guard Corps detained at the POW detention camp in Sremska Mitrovica (Republic of Serbia) in January 1992 and February 1992. The following (Croatian) National Guard Corps members – Frano Kožul, Hrvoje Mađarević, Ivan Marić, Ivan Boras and Pavo Sabljak were among the captives who were battered by a rubber baton. The accused Amidžić was sentenced to 7 years in prison.

By the same verdict, Amidžić was acquitted of charges that, on a non-defined date in January 1998, he had planted a tripwire anti-personnel mine in a yard of the house owned by Andrija Gašpar in Vukovar, which had been activated by Andrija Gašpar himself when entering the yard on 21 January 1998 and which had inflicted serious injuries and life-threatening wounds on Gašpar that had led to Andrija Gašpar’s death on 29 January 1998, whereas Ksenija Gašpar, Tomislav Gašpar and Zdenka Đuranić had suffered light bodily injuries, and that Žarko Amidžić had thus committed the criminal offence of murder stated in Article 91, Paragraph 1, Item 3 of the Penal Law.

In its judgment No:IKž-487/00-3 dated on 06 September 2000, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia dismissed the appeals lodged by the County State Attorney and the accused Žarko Amidžić as unfounded and upheld the first-instance court verdict.

Crime in Vukovar (defendant Žarko Tkalčević)

 

trials in Croatia :: legally valid and final verdict

Trial against Žarko Tkalčević for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

INDICTMENT

On 21 May 1996, the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office issued the indictment No:KT-42/96 which charged Žarko Tkalčević with commission of the criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

The factual description of the indictment was amended by the motion issued on 22 February 2001.

GENERAL DATA

Vukovar County Court

Case No: K-38/99

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Ante Zeljko, Council President; judge Stjepan Margić, Council member; lay judges Štefanka Andrić, Zoran Bračić and Mirko Kovačić, Council members

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Indictment: issued by the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, No: KT-42/96, dated on 21 May 1996

Accused person/Defendant: Žarko Tkalčević, present at the trial

Defence Counsel: Nediljko Rešetar, lawyer from Osijek

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Vukovar County Court’s verdict dated on 11 April 2001, the accused Žarko Tkalčević was found guilty as charged that he – in his capacity as the Second Lieutenant of the so-called JNA (Yugoslav National Army) and Commander of 120mm calibre mortar and Deputy Commander of the Artillery Unit within the Infantry Battalion of the Guards Brigade from Belgrade – was commanding the JNA soldiers on the line of fire in the area of the village of Negoslavci to regularly open mortar fire on Mitnica, a suburb of Vukovar, with no selection of military targets thus causing the wounding and killing of a large number of civilians and the destruction of a large number of houses, apartments, commercial facilities and cultural sites and a huge material damage caused by mortar fire. The accused Tkalčević was sentenced to 3 years in prison.

In its judgment No:IKž-532/01-5, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia on 19 November 2003 dismissed the appeals lodged by the County State Attorney and the accused Žarko Tkalčević as unfounded and upheld the first-instance court verdict.

Crimes in Kneževo and in Duboševica (the accused Zdravko Jovanović)


Trial against Zdravko Jovanović for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

INDICTMENT

The Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, on 20 December 2002, issued the indictment No:K-DO-83/2002 against Zdravko Jovanović for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

Please read the indictment here.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Osijek County Court

Case No: K-82/02

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Dragan Poljak, Council President; judge Ante Kvesić, Council member; lay judges Zdenka Lubina, Stjepan Biber and Josip Božić, Council members

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Indictment: issued by the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, No:K-DO-83/2002, dated on 20 December 2002

Accused person/Defendant: Zdravko Jovanović, attending the trial

Defence: Sandra Kralj, lawyer from Osijek

Victims – illegally arrested and interrogated, subjected to physical abuse and suffered mental pain: Ivo Svalina and Tadija Jakšić

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Osijek County Court verdict dated on 29 April 2003, the accused Zdravko Jovanović was found guilty as charged that he, in his capacity as a member of the so-called Kneževo TO (Territorial Defence) Headquarters, had participated in illegal arrests, illegal detentions, interrogations, and the abuse of local civilian population of Croat ethnicity thus inflicting physical and mental pain upon them without any cause, in Baranja’s villages of Kneževo and Duboševica, at the end of 1991 and at the beginning of 1992.

Zdravko Jovanović was found guilty and sentenced to 6 years in prison.

Please see here the Osijek County Court verdict No: K-82/02-84, dated on 29 April 2003.

According to the ruling passed by the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia on 27 April 2004, the appeal lodged by the accused person Zdravko Jovanović was dismissed as unfounded and the first-instance court verdict was upheld.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia’s verdict No: I Kž 663/03-3 dated on 27 April 2004 may be seen here.

Crime on the Pakrac – Požega road


legally valid and conclusive verdict

Trial against Željko Milanković, Veljko Budić, Milan Pavić and Milan Sudar for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL DATA

Požega County Court

Case No: K-9/97

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Predrag Dragičević, Council President; judge Dubravka Grgurić-Rukavina, Council member; lay judges Marija Kovačić, Luka Luketić and Đuro Safundžić, Council members.

Prosecutor: Franjo Kopunić, Požega County Deputy State Attorney  Criminal offence: war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Indictment: issued by the Požega County State Attorney’s Office, No: KT-65/96-10, dated on 10 January 1997.

Accused persons/Defendants: Željko Milanković (in absence), Veljko Budić (attending the trial), Milan Pavić (in absence), Milan Sudar (in absence)

Defence Counsels: Julka Lučić-Prša, lawyer from Požega, Defence Counsel for the first-accused person, the third-accused person and the fourth-accused person; Velimir Galić, lawyer from Požega, Defence Counsel for the second-accused person.

Victim – killed person: Vencislav Štrbac

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Požega County Court verdict dated on 12 March 1997, the accused persons were found guilty as charged that they, in their capacity as members of the reconnaissance-sabotage platoon of the so-called SAO Krajina Army (Serb Autonomous Region of Krajina), on 09 August 1994, following the order issued by the Commander Jure Šajatović, armed with automatic rifles, they had left the temporarily occupied territory in Gavrinica, crossing the demarcation line and entering the free territory of the Republic of Croatia, finally reached the Pakrac-Požega road where they set up an ambush with the intention of killing non-Serb civilian population, and in the moment when a vehicle driven by Vencislav Štrbac and accompanied by Dario Družinec, the platoon members had opened automatic rifle fire on the vehicle with several rounds hitting Vencislav Štrbac and inflicting upon him the wounds which caused Štrbac’s death.

Each accused person was convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison.

The Požega County Court verdict No: K-9/97-9 dated on 12 March 1997 is available here.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia on 07 October 1997 dismissed as unfounded the appeals lodged by both the State Attorney and the defendant, and upheld the verdict passed by the first-instance court.

Please see here the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia ruling No: I Kž-366/1997-3.

Crime at KPD Stara Gradiška and in Gornji Varoš (defendant Marko Živković)

Trial against Marko Živković, charged with a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 142, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

Požega District Court

Case file no.: K. 17/93

Judges’ panel: judge Branimir Miljević, presiding; judge Ljiljana Štirmer, member; lay judges Đuro Domljanović, Josip Valinčić and Adam Buhele, members

Indictment: no. KT 49/92 of 26 February 1993 issued by the Požega District State’s Attorney Office

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 142, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH

Defendant: Marko Živković, unavailable

Defence Counsel: Željko Tir, lawyer practicing in Požega

Victims – unlawfully arrested, detained and/or maltreated: Viktor Mihajlinović, Matija Filjević and Željko Grladinović

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Požega District Court’s verdict rendered on 29 April 1993, defendant Marko Živković was found guilty as charged that in the former penitentiary-correctional facility “KPD Stara Gradiška” and in the village Gornji Varoš, in his capacity as Militia member of the so-called SAO Krajina, he was unlawfully arresting, torturing, maltreating and injuring civilians and looting their property. He was sentenced to 11 years in prison.

The Požega District Court’s verdict no. K. 17/93-8 of 29 April 1993 is available in Croatian here.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia at its session held on 12 August 1993 accepted the appeal by the State Attorney and amended the first-instance verdict in the section determining the punishment and sentenced defendant Marko Živković to 14 years in prison.

The VSRH verdict no. I Kž 620/1993-3 of 12 August 1993 is available in Croatian here.