War Crimes Monitoring

Crime in Mirkovci and Vukovar

Trials in Croatia

Verdict after appeal

Trial against Mihajlo Sopka, Branko Drča, Milan Paripović, Mile Knežević and Mile Pavković for criminal offence of war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL DATA ON THE PROCEEDINGS CONDUCTED IN ABSENCE OF THE ACCUSED PERSONS

Osijek County Court

Case No: K-38/95

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Ružica Šamota, Council President; judge Mira Čavajda, Council member; lay judges Snježana Čarapović, Ante Dumančić and Josip Ciprovac, Council members

Indictment: No: KT-88/94 issued by the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office on 11 April 1995 and 24 October 1995

Criminal offence: war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

Accused persons/Defendants: Mihajlo Sopka, Branko Drča, Milan Paripović, Mile Knežević, Mile Pavković and Mile Tešić, tried in absence

Defence Counsel: Slavica Garac, lawyer from Osijek

Victim – physically and mentally abused: Ivica Šitum

 VERDICT (SUMMARY)

Subsequent to the Osijek County Court verdict No:K-30/95-41 dated on 07 October 1996, the accused persons were found guilty of interrogating, physically and mentally abusing the captured member of the reserve corps of the HV (Croatian Army) Ivica Šitum in Mirkovci and Vukovar on 24 May and 25 May 1992. Following his capture near the demarcation line in the vicinity of Vinkovci, Ivica Šitum was interrogated, threatened to be killed and abused by the above named accused persons which all caused Šitum to faint several times during the interrogation due to serious physical injuries and a mental stress which caused considerable post-traumatic reactions.

Each accused person was sentenced to 12 years in prison. The verdict became legally valid and final on 08 March 1997.

GENERAL DATA ON THE REOPENED PROCEEDINGS

Vukovar County Court

Case No: K-14/01

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Nikola Bešenski, Council President; judge Stjepan Margić, Council member; lay judges Milenko Božičković, Radoslav Šijaković and Stanko Vukojević, Council members

Indictment: No:K-DO-16/01 issued by the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office, which was actually a part of the indictment No:KT-88/94 issued by the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office on 11 April 1995, which was amended on 07 October 1996 in order to make the indictment – i.e. those parts relating to the accused Paripović and Pavković – more precise.

Criminal offence: war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

Accused persons/Defendants: Milan Paripović and Mile Pavković, present at the trial

Defence Counsel: Nediljko Rešetar, lawyer from Osijek

Victim – physically and mentally abused: Ivica Šitum

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

Subsequent to the Vukovar County Court verdict dated on 21 May 2001, the Osijek County Court verdict No:K-30/95 dated on 07 October 1996 which became legally valid and final on 12 February 1997, was partially abolished in respect of the convicted Milan Paripović and Mile Pavković.

The stated verdict remained unchanged in respect of other convicted persons.

The accused Mile Pavković and Milan Paripović were acquitted of charges that they, together with Mile Knežević, on 24 May 1992, in the seat/headquarters of the so-called SAO Krajina (Serb Autonomous Region of Krajina) Militia in Vukovar, had abused the previously captured Ivica Šitum in a way that they had been ordering and allowing other members of Serb paramilitary units, who had happened to be in the headquarters, to physically and mentally abuse Ivica Šitum.

In its judgment No:IKž-531/01-7 dated on 08 November 2005, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia dismissed the appeal lodged by the County State Attorney against a part of the Vukovar County Court verdict No:K-14/01 dated on 21 May 2001 according to which Mile Pavković had been acquitted of all charges, and it (the Supreme Court) upheld the first-instance court verdict pertaining to the acquittal of Mile Pavković. The criminal proceedings against accused Milan Paripović were dismissed since Paripović had deceased in the meantime, and the stated fact had made the appeal – lodged by the County State Attorney against the acquitting section of the verdict pertaining to Paripović – utterly pointless.

 

Crime in Sremska Mitrovica and Vukovar (defendant Žarko Amidžić)

Trials in Croatia :: legally valid and final verdict

Trial against Žarko Amidžić for criminal offence of war crime against prisoners of war, stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH and criminal offence of murder, stated in Article 91, Paragraph 1, Item 3 of the Penal Law.

INDICTMENT

On 06 April 1998 and 03 February 2000, the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office issued the indictment No:DO-K-8/98, which was amended on 16 May 2000 in order to make the indictment more clear and precise, and which charged Žarko Amidžić with commission of the criminal offence of murder stated in Article 91, Paragraph 1, Item 3 of the Penal Law, and with commission of the criminal offence of war crime against prisoners of war stated in Article 122 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL DATA

Vukovar County Court

Case No: K-34/98

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Nikola Bešenski, Council President; judge Berislav Matanović, Council member; lay judges Marijan Bataković, Mato Lasić and Marko Lukić, Council members

Accused person/Defendant: Žarko Amidžić, present at the trial

Defence Counsel:VojislavOre, lawyer from Vukovar

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

On 01 June 2000, the trial chamber of the Vukovar County Court passed the verdict No:K-34/98 which found Žarko Amidžić guilty for conducting interrogation and physical abuse by battering the civilians and the captured members of the (Croatian) National Guard Corps detained at the POW detention camp in Sremska Mitrovica (Republic of Serbia) in January 1992 and February 1992. The following (Croatian) National Guard Corps members – Frano Kožul, Hrvoje Mađarević, Ivan Marić, Ivan Boras and Pavo Sabljak were among the captives who were battered by a rubber baton. The accused Amidžić was sentenced to 7 years in prison.

By the same verdict, Amidžić was acquitted of charges that, on a non-defined date in January 1998, he had planted a tripwire anti-personnel mine in a yard of the house owned by Andrija Gašpar in Vukovar, which had been activated by Andrija Gašpar himself when entering the yard on 21 January 1998 and which had inflicted serious injuries and life-threatening wounds on Gašpar that had led to Andrija Gašpar’s death on 29 January 1998, whereas Ksenija Gašpar, Tomislav Gašpar and Zdenka Đuranić had suffered light bodily injuries, and that Žarko Amidžić had thus committed the criminal offence of murder stated in Article 91, Paragraph 1, Item 3 of the Penal Law.

In its judgment No:IKž-487/00-3 dated on 06 September 2000, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia dismissed the appeals lodged by the County State Attorney and the accused Žarko Amidžić as unfounded and upheld the first-instance court verdict.

Crime in Vukovar (defendant Žarko Tkalčević)

 

trials in Croatia :: legally valid and final verdict

Trial against Žarko Tkalčević for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

INDICTMENT

On 21 May 1996, the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office issued the indictment No:KT-42/96 which charged Žarko Tkalčević with commission of the criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

The factual description of the indictment was amended by the motion issued on 22 February 2001.

GENERAL DATA

Vukovar County Court

Case No: K-38/99

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Ante Zeljko, Council President; judge Stjepan Margić, Council member; lay judges Štefanka Andrić, Zoran Bračić and Mirko Kovačić, Council members

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Indictment: issued by the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, No: KT-42/96, dated on 21 May 1996

Accused person/Defendant: Žarko Tkalčević, present at the trial

Defence Counsel: Nediljko Rešetar, lawyer from Osijek

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Vukovar County Court’s verdict dated on 11 April 2001, the accused Žarko Tkalčević was found guilty as charged that he – in his capacity as the Second Lieutenant of the so-called JNA (Yugoslav National Army) and Commander of 120mm calibre mortar and Deputy Commander of the Artillery Unit within the Infantry Battalion of the Guards Brigade from Belgrade – was commanding the JNA soldiers on the line of fire in the area of the village of Negoslavci to regularly open mortar fire on Mitnica, a suburb of Vukovar, with no selection of military targets thus causing the wounding and killing of a large number of civilians and the destruction of a large number of houses, apartments, commercial facilities and cultural sites and a huge material damage caused by mortar fire. The accused Tkalčević was sentenced to 3 years in prison.

In its judgment No:IKž-532/01-5, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia on 19 November 2003 dismissed the appeals lodged by the County State Attorney and the accused Žarko Tkalčević as unfounded and upheld the first-instance court verdict.

Crimes in Kneževo and in Duboševica (the accused Zdravko Jovanović)


Trial against Zdravko Jovanović for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

INDICTMENT

The Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, on 20 December 2002, issued the indictment No:K-DO-83/2002 against Zdravko Jovanović for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

Please read the indictment here.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Osijek County Court

Case No: K-82/02

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Dragan Poljak, Council President; judge Ante Kvesić, Council member; lay judges Zdenka Lubina, Stjepan Biber and Josip Božić, Council members

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Indictment: issued by the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, No:K-DO-83/2002, dated on 20 December 2002

Accused person/Defendant: Zdravko Jovanović, attending the trial

Defence: Sandra Kralj, lawyer from Osijek

Victims – illegally arrested and interrogated, subjected to physical abuse and suffered mental pain: Ivo Svalina and Tadija Jakšić

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Osijek County Court verdict dated on 29 April 2003, the accused Zdravko Jovanović was found guilty as charged that he, in his capacity as a member of the so-called Kneževo TO (Territorial Defence) Headquarters, had participated in illegal arrests, illegal detentions, interrogations, and the abuse of local civilian population of Croat ethnicity thus inflicting physical and mental pain upon them without any cause, in Baranja’s villages of Kneževo and Duboševica, at the end of 1991 and at the beginning of 1992.

Zdravko Jovanović was found guilty and sentenced to 6 years in prison.

Please see here the Osijek County Court verdict No: K-82/02-84, dated on 29 April 2003.

According to the ruling passed by the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia on 27 April 2004, the appeal lodged by the accused person Zdravko Jovanović was dismissed as unfounded and the first-instance court verdict was upheld.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia’s verdict No: I Kž 663/03-3 dated on 27 April 2004 may be seen here.

Crime on the Pakrac – Požega road


legally valid and conclusive verdict

Trial against Željko Milanković, Veljko Budić, Milan Pavić and Milan Sudar for criminal offence of war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL DATA

Požega County Court

Case No: K-9/97

War Crimes Council (judges’ panel): judge Predrag Dragičević, Council President; judge Dubravka Grgurić-Rukavina, Council member; lay judges Marija Kovačić, Luka Luketić and Đuro Safundžić, Council members.

Prosecutor: Franjo Kopunić, Požega County Deputy State Attorney  Criminal offence: war crime against civilians stated in Article 120, Paragraph 1 of the OKZ RH

Indictment: issued by the Požega County State Attorney’s Office, No: KT-65/96-10, dated on 10 January 1997.

Accused persons/Defendants: Željko Milanković (in absence), Veljko Budić (attending the trial), Milan Pavić (in absence), Milan Sudar (in absence)

Defence Counsels: Julka Lučić-Prša, lawyer from Požega, Defence Counsel for the first-accused person, the third-accused person and the fourth-accused person; Velimir Galić, lawyer from Požega, Defence Counsel for the second-accused person.

Victim – killed person: Vencislav Štrbac

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Požega County Court verdict dated on 12 March 1997, the accused persons were found guilty as charged that they, in their capacity as members of the reconnaissance-sabotage platoon of the so-called SAO Krajina Army (Serb Autonomous Region of Krajina), on 09 August 1994, following the order issued by the Commander Jure Šajatović, armed with automatic rifles, they had left the temporarily occupied territory in Gavrinica, crossing the demarcation line and entering the free territory of the Republic of Croatia, finally reached the Pakrac-Požega road where they set up an ambush with the intention of killing non-Serb civilian population, and in the moment when a vehicle driven by Vencislav Štrbac and accompanied by Dario Družinec, the platoon members had opened automatic rifle fire on the vehicle with several rounds hitting Vencislav Štrbac and inflicting upon him the wounds which caused Štrbac’s death.

Each accused person was convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison.

The Požega County Court verdict No: K-9/97-9 dated on 12 March 1997 is available here.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia on 07 October 1997 dismissed as unfounded the appeals lodged by both the State Attorney and the defendant, and upheld the verdict passed by the first-instance court.

Please see here the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia ruling No: I Kž-366/1997-3.

Crime at KPD Stara Gradiška and in Gornji Varoš (defendant Marko Živković)

Trial against Marko Živković, charged with a war crime against civilians referred to in Article 142, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

Požega District Court

Case file no.: K. 17/93

Judges’ panel: judge Branimir Miljević, presiding; judge Ljiljana Štirmer, member; lay judges Đuro Domljanović, Josip Valinčić and Adam Buhele, members

Indictment: no. KT 49/92 of 26 February 1993 issued by the Požega District State’s Attorney Office

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 142, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH

Defendant: Marko Živković, unavailable

Defence Counsel: Željko Tir, lawyer practicing in Požega

Victims – unlawfully arrested, detained and/or maltreated: Viktor Mihajlinović, Matija Filjević and Željko Grladinović

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Požega District Court’s verdict rendered on 29 April 1993, defendant Marko Živković was found guilty as charged that in the former penitentiary-correctional facility “KPD Stara Gradiška” and in the village Gornji Varoš, in his capacity as Militia member of the so-called SAO Krajina, he was unlawfully arresting, torturing, maltreating and injuring civilians and looting their property. He was sentenced to 11 years in prison.

The Požega District Court’s verdict no. K. 17/93-8 of 29 April 1993 is available in Croatian here.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia at its session held on 12 August 1993 accepted the appeal by the State Attorney and amended the first-instance verdict in the section determining the punishment and sentenced defendant Marko Živković to 14 years in prison.

The VSRH verdict no. I Kž 620/1993-3 of 12 August 1993 is available in Croatian here.

Crime in Bokšić (defendant Luca Roklicer)

Trial against Luca Roklicer, charged with genocide referred to in Article 141 of the OKZ RH.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Osijek District Court

Case file no.: K-156/92

Judges’ panel: judge Ante Budić, presiding; judge Bogdan Penjić, member; lay judges Ivan Ratković, Ante Kovčalija and Marko Elez, members

Indictment: no. KT-278/92 of 22 December 1992 issued by the Osijek District State’s Attorney

Criminal offence: genocide referred to in Article 141 of the OKZ RH

Defendant: Luca Roklicer, available

Defence Counsel: Ilija Brkić, lawyer practicing in Osijek, court appointed defence counsel

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

On 19 March 1993, according to the Osijek District Court’s Verdict defendant Luca Roklicer was found guilty as charged that after occupation of the Municipality Vukovar area, in particular  in the villages Sremski Čakovci and Bokšić from September 1991 until April 1992, she voluntarily joined occupation formations and, together with members of the so-called JNA, Chetniks, members of TO and so-called SAO Krajina Militia, participated in Bokšić on 15 March 1992 in expulsions of Croatian and other non-Serb ethnicity population from their homes, in denouncing the villagers, forcing them sign confirmations in which they gave away their assets “voluntarily”, participated in jewellery and money seizure and forced transport of the villagers to the free territory of Croatia, and by doing so she insulted and humiliated individuals with the purpose to intimidate them and to make them leave the territory of the Vukovar Municipality in order to establish ethically-clean area of the so-called SAO Krajina and thus she committed genocide referred to in Article 141 of the OKZRH. The defendant was sentenced to 6 years in prison.

The Osijek District Court’s verdict no. K-156/92-38 of 19 March 1993 is available in Croatian here.

On 18 January 1994, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia dismissed the appeals lodged by the State’s Attorney and by defendant Luca Roklicer and confirmed the judgment of the court of first instance.

The VSRH verdict no. I Kž 381/1993-3 of 18 January 1994 is available in Croatian here.

Crime at Sajmište in Vukovar (defendant Jovo Savić)


Trial against Jovo Savić, charged with war crime against civilians and war crime against prisoners of war.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Osijek District Court

Case file no.: K-129/92

Judges’ panel: judge Ružica Šamota, presiding; judge Danijel Zubović, member; lay judges Đuro Vidaković, Josip Kramar and Mato Erceg, members

Indictment: no. KT-154/92 of 10 November 1992 issued by the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office

Criminal offence: war crime against civilians referred to in Article 142 of the OKZRH and war crime against prisoners of war referred to in Article 144 of the OKZRH

Defendant: Jovo Savić, unavailable

Defence counsel: Antun Radman, lawyer practicing in Osijek

Victims – killed: eight unidentified civilians and two unidentified Croatian Army soldiers

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

According to the Osijek District Court’s verdict no. K-129/92-36 of 15 March 1993, defendant Jovo Savić was found guilty that

in Vukovar at the area of “Sajmište” in November 1991 (exact date not established),in capacity as non-commissioned officer of the so-called JNA, after special operation unit members under the defendant’s command Slobodan Tošić, Milan Lapčević and Vladimir Đekić had found in the basement of one family house eight citizens and two Croatian Army soldiers, not identified precisely, who put down their weapons and surrendered,

having entered the house yard carrying automatic rifle and grenades, he shot dead by automatic rifle one of the citizens and forced other citizens and two soldiers to enter the basement, handed hand grenades with safety caps pulled out to detained soldiers and, after those grenades exploded, entered the basement and shot dead by rifle fire persons who survived from the explosion.

He was sentenced to 15 years in prison for war crime against civilians and to 15 years for war crime against prisoners of war and, thus, he received an aggregated sentence in the duration of 20 years of imprisonment.

The Osijek District Court’s verdict no. K-129/92-36 of 15 March 1993 is available in Croatian here.

On 2 June 1993, the Appeals Chamber of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia accepted the public prosecutor’s appeal, modified the first-instance verdict in the section determining the sentence and thus sentenced defendant Savić for the commission of war crime against civilians to 20 years in prison and also pronounced the same prison sentence for the commission of war crime against prisoners of war and he received therefore an aggregated sentence in the duration of 20 years of imprisonment.

The VSRH’s verdict no. I Kž 439/1993-3 of 2 June 1993 is available in Croatian here.

Crime in Vukovar (defendant Ivanka Savić)


Trial against Ivanka Savić, charged with genocide and, later on, war crime against civilians.

 

COURSE OF THE PROCEEDINGS

On 20 April 1993, the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office laid the indictment no. KT-295/92 in which Ivanka Savić was charged

that after joining occupation forces in Vukovar from the middle of October 1991 until the middle of April 1992, she

· was determining which Croats and other non-Serb population would be expelled or detained (some of them went missing later on) and

· was deciding who would be forced to labour,

· participated in apprehensions,

· was restricting freedom of movement,

· was deciding who would be sent to concentration camps where people were tortured and killed,

· selected alone more than 220 members of Croatian ethnicity, who were slaughtered by Chetniks on the scene of the crime, and

· expelled remained members of Croatian and other non-Serb ethnicity to the Republic of Croatia,

thus, she committed genocide referred to in Article 141, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH.

The mentioned Indictment is available in Croatian here.

The Osijek County Court, as the court at first instance, conducted the main hearing in absence of the defendant. On 29 June 1994, this Court found Ivanka Savić guilty of committing war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH and sentenced her to 8 years in prison.

We do not have at disposal the Osijek County Court’s verdict K-52/93-104 of 29 June 1994.

On 13 December 1994, the Supreme Court of the Republic dismissed the defendant’s appeal and confirmed the first-instance verdict.

The VSRH’s verdict no. I Kž 842/1994-3 of 13 December 1994 is available in Croatian here.

Pursuant to the request made by convicted Ivanka Savić, enforcement of the prison sentence was suspended and reopening of the proceedings was permitted.

Reopened proceedings – general information

Vukovar County Court

Case file no.: K-3/01

Judges’ panel: judge Nikola Bešenski, presiding; judge Stjepan Čolaković, member; judges Perica Kešinović, Štefanko Andrić and Marko Radić, members

Indictment: no. KT-295/92 of 20 April 1993 issued by the Osijek District State Attorney’s Office, taken over by the Vukovar County State Attorney’s Office (no. K-DO-11/01)

Criminal offence: genocide, later on after amendments, war crime against civilians

Defendant: Ivanka Savić, available

Defence Counsel: Ivica Mačvanin, lawyer practicing in Vukovar

The Vukovar County Court conducted reopened proceedings and, on 21 January 2004, rendered the verdict in which the court abrogated the prior judgment rendered by the Osijek County Court on 29 June 1994, but found the defendant guilty as charged that

from October 1991 until April 1992 in Vukovar, in the “Velepromet” company’s warehouse she was disclosing the names of Croats and other non-Serb population who participated in defending the town, participated in intimidation and abuse of Croats and took away valuable items from the homes belonging to Croats, and thus committed war crime against civilians referred to in Article 120, paragraph 1 of the OKZRH. She was sentenced to 4 years and 6 months in prison.

The Vukovar County Court’s verdict of 21 January 2004 is available in Croatian here.

On 8 September 2004, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia rejected as unfounded the appeals lodged by the State Attorney and by the defendant and confirmed the verdict rendered by the court at first instance.

The VSRH’s verdict no. I Kž 429/04-3 of 8 September 2004 is available in Croatian here.

Crime in Tenja (defendant Goran Hadžić)


Trial against Goran Hadžić, charged with a criminal offence of associating for the purpose of committing criminal offences against values protected by international law referred to in Article 187, paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law Act.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

Osijek County Court

Case file no.. K-57/95

Judges’ panel: judge Dragan Poljak, presiding; judge Zora Majić, member; lay judges Antun Rakin, Marija Pilgermajer and Tomislav Pavlović, members

Indictment: no. KT-222/92 of 28 April 1993 issued by the Osijek County State Attorney’s Office, amended at the main hearing held on 12 May 1999.

Criminal offence: associating for the purpose of committing criminal offences against values protected by international law referred to in Article 187, paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law Act

Defendant: Goran Hadžić, unavailable

Defence counsel: Boris Kunček, lawyer practicing in Osijek

Victims:

– killed: Ivica Prodanović, Đuro Kiš, Stevo Bačić, Ivo Valentić, Vlado Valentić, Ante Golek, Joso Medved, Franjo Fuček, Marko Knežević, Mara Knežević, Kata Tot, Anuška Horvat, Josip Prodanović, Jure Šarić, Josip Hodak, Stjepan Penjić, Seka Penjić, Francika Bogović, Pero Mamić, Mato Nađ, Marija Cerenko, Manda Banović, Betika Gotovac and Andrija Gotovac

– expelled: 98 Croats and other members of non-Serb ethnicity

 

VERDICT (SUMMARY)

On 12 May 1999, the Osijek County Court pronounced the verdict in which defendant Goran Hadžić was found guilty

that during 1991 and 1992 in his capacity as the president of the so-called Government of Serb Region Slavonija, Baranja and Western Sirmium, he, with his political and public activities, was instigating and inducing Serb population to get military organised and team up with the purpose of expulsion Serb population and elimination of all historical and cultural characteristics of all non-Serbs, Croats in particular,

and, in order to realize Hadžić’s intentions, Jovan Rebrača, Mile Jajić, Savo Šarčević, Dušan Rebrača, Božo Vidaković, Dragan Čugalj, Savo Grnović and Dušan Vidović organised and gathered in the settlement Tenja, within the so-called Territorial Defence and other informal groups, acting in accordance with his (Hadžić’s) guidelines, organised and carried out forced labour for Croats and members of other non-Serb population, restricted their freedom of movement, intimidated and threatened by death, plundered their property, destroyed Catholic church, planted explosives in Croats’ houses,

and caused therefore killing of Croats (Ivica Prodanović, Đuro Kiš, Stevo Bačić, Ivo Valentić, Vlado Valentić, Ante Golek, Joso Medved, Franjo Fuček, Marko Knežević, Mara Knežević, Kata Tot, Anuška Horvat, Josip Prodanović, Jure Šarić, Josip Hodak, Stjepan Penjić, Seka Penjić, Francika Bogović, Pero Mamić, Mato Nađ, Marija Cerenko, Manda Banović, Betika Gotovac and Andrija Gotovac) and, by April 1992, expulsion of 98 Croats and non-Serb population,

therefore, he teamed up several persons into joint activities with the purpose of committing genocide referred to in Article 156 of the Criminal Law Act,

and thus he committed a criminal offence of associating for the purpose of committing criminal offences against values protected by international law referred to in Article 187, paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law Act.

The defendant was sentenced to 8 years in prison.

The Osijek County Court’s verdict is available in Croatian here.